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SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

 

Team Leaders:
envelope_blue.jpgTom Freyermuth
envelope_blue.jpgEmily Clauss

Science Staff:
Carl Brady
Robyn Chiappini
Emily Clauss
Kent Coffee
Jason DeWitte
Tom Freyermuth
Casey Grange
Robert Morris
Alan Spencer
DeeAnna Waring

Science

Students are required to have three credits of science to earn a standard New Mexico high school diploma. Students must select one course from each of the columns in the A/B/C column structure, OR take Biology, and any other science course, OR take Biology, AP Environmental Science and any other science course.

 

A Courses
Life Sciences
B Courses
Chemical Sciences
C Courses
Physical Sciences
Science Electives
Biology I
Biology I Bilingual
AP Biology
Eco-Biology (CEC)
Botany (CEC)
Chemistry I
Chemistry I Bilingual
Geology
AP Chemistry
Physics I
Physics I Bilingual
AP Physics I
AP Physics II
Astronomy I (CEC)
Geology/Astronomy I
Intro. To Forensics (CEC)
Marine Science (VHS)
Pre-Engineering Physics
EMT (CEC)
Forensics (CEC)
Medical Physics (CEC)
Nursing Science I (CEC)
Biology II
Chemistry II
Physics II
Geology
Geology/Astronomy II
Anatomy & Physiology
Pre-Engineering Electronics
Photonics
Digital Circuitry
Micro-Biology (CEC)
Veterinary Medicine (CEC)
Advanced Medical Research Techniques (CEC)
Nursing Assistant (CEC)
Nursing Science II (CEC)
Nursing Science III (CEC)
EMT (CEC)
Engineering Robotics I (CEC)
Engineering Robotics II (CEC)
Electronics Engineering & Robotics I (CEC)
AP Environmental Science
 

 

Plan I: ABC
Students select one course from each column in the current A/B/C column structure.

Plan II: Two Plus
Students select
1. One course from column A
2. Integrated Physics/Chemistry
3. Plus any other science course

Plan III: Advanced Placement – AP
All AP science courses receive core science credit.
Options:
  1. 1 AP life science + 1 course from either column B or C + any other science course
  2. 2 AP courses (1 life and 1 physical) + any other science course
  3. 3 AP science courses (1 of which should be a life science)

Note: The College Board Designates AP courses as offerings to be taken after introductory high school science course(s).

Students who choose AP courses will be taking the most academically demanding courses the district offers. Students will receive career guidance and planning assistance, so they do not take more AP classes than they can comfortably handle.

 

Italicized wording is specific to La Cueva High School.
√ Freshmen may take this class.    *NCAA approved course.

All incoming freshmen are encouraged to begin earning their Science credits by enrolling in a Science course their freshman year. Students must complete a program of study that provides for mastery of the state standards in science. This program of study should include at least one course in each of the following: Biology, Chemistry, Geology/Astronomy, AP Physics I, AP Physics II, and Physics or Astronomy. All science courses offered at La Cueva High School are laboratory Sciences.

In order to prepare for future success in our technologically advanced society, students will need strong backgrounds in Math and Science. The Science Department, therefore, recommends that all students take four years of Science, particularly those students who are college-bound. Students following the sequence of Science courses recommended by the La Cueva Science Staff will meet or exceed all science standards identified as essential by the State of New Mexico Public Education Department. Students are encouraged to take upper level science courses related to their career pathway.

Traditional College Prep Alternate College Prep
Biology Biology
Chemistry Geology/Astronomy I
Physics Upper Level Science
(Upper Level Science) (Upper Level Science)


Advanced Placement courses may be substituted for any of the courses listed above, but one credit must be a biology or life science course and one credit must be a physical science course. Upper class students may take more than one science course a year. Advanced Placement courses in science include: AP Biology, AP Chemistry, AP Physics I, AP Physics II, and AP Environmental Science.

IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR FRESHMEN
Incoming La Cueva High School Freshmen will take Biology I as their first Science course.

√*BIOLOGY I (Analytical)

41121      1 Yr.      9-12

Prerequisite: None.
Special Requirements: The student must be prepared for a demanding class that requires a good work ethic and extensive study. The student must expect frequent homework and out-of-class work. Biology I (Analytical) introduces the eight major themes outlined in the national AP Biology course description. This course builds a foundation designed to support AP Biology curriculum. Biology I (Analytical) introduces certain AP labs and concepts at a simpler level to help ensure successful completion of AP Biology. Labs and concepts are more complex and in depth than in regular Biology I.
Description: This laboratory course is an accelerated course designed to prepare the student for higher-level life science courses, including but not limited to AP Biology. It is not a prerequisite for AP Biology, but this class greatly assists the student in his/her participation and success in the AP course. Biology I (Analytical) is designed to introduce important biological concepts and lab procedures in a manner accessible to all students. Along with additional standards from math, chemistry, and physical science, Biology I (Analytical) addresses the same standards as a regular Biology I class but covers them in greater depth and provides a level of enrichment that lays a foundation for a deeper understanding and appreciation for the complexities of the life sciences.

*CHEMISTRY I (Analytical)

42121      1 Yr.     10-12

Prerequisite: None.
Special Requirements: It is strongly recommended that the student has successfully completed Algebra I prior to taking Chemistry I (Analytical). This course will meet college entrance requirements.
Description: This laboratory course exceeds state standards and offers extended opportunities for students. It provides preparation for all subsequent science courses including Advanced Placement courses. The student investigates substances and how they react with one another. Concepts of study include, but are not limited to, scientific measurement, properties and structures of matter, atomic theory, classification and periodic trends, bonding theory, chemical reactions (e.g., general types, acid/base, redox), rates, equilibrium, stoichiometry, energy, (e.g., EMR, bonding), nuclear chemistry, and solubility. In addition, the student learns how chemistry and Earth and space science are related by studying electromagnetic radiation, radioactivity, the structure of the Earth, and the groundwater. Scientific thinking and practice (e.g., extensive laboratory activities, critical thinking, problem solving), science and society, and literacy are integrated in all science courses.

*GEOLOGY/ASTRONOMY I

43141      1 Yr.      10-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Algebra I.
Special Requirements: Lab Courses
Description: This laboratory course is designed to acquaint the student with the study of geology and astronomy and their related fields. The course emphasizes historical and physical geology. Topics may include paleontology, geologic time, plate tectonics, and map reading. Astronomy topics may include planetary geology and evolution of the stars and universe. The student examines scientific thinking and practices and how science impacts individuals, society, and New Mexico. Literacy strategies (e.g., reading, writing, speaking, research) are integrated throughout the curriculum.

*PHYSICS I (Analytical)

43121      1 Yr.      10-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Algebra I, Geometry, and Biology. Completion of Chemistry is also recommended but not required.
Special Requirements: None.
Description: This laboratory course is designed to exceed state standards and offer extended opportunities for students. It provides preparation for all subsequent science courses including Advanced Placement classes. The student investigates topics of study that include, but are not restricted to: principles of motion, gravitation, heat, light, sound, electricity & magnetism, forces of nature, plate tectonics, and cosmology. As appropriate, these topics are examined at scales ranging from atomic to astronomical. The focus is on conceptual understanding and mathematical relationships and applications. Literacy strategies are integrated throughout the curriculum.

UPPER LEVEL SCIENCE CLASSES

*AP PHYSICS I

43171 1 Yr. 11-12

Prerequisite: Students should have completed Geometry and be concurrently taking Algebra II or an equivalent course. Although the Physics I course includes basic use of trigonometric functions, this understanding can be gained either in the concurrent math course or in the AP Physics I course itself.
Special Requirements: Suggested summer reading and problem sets are available from the teacher. Completion of these is recommended to help acquaint the student with the pace of this course.
Description: AP Physics I is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills. 25% of the instructional time will be spent in hands-on laboratory work, with an emphasis on inquiry-based investigations that provide students with opportunities to apply the science practices. No prior course work in physics is necessary.
 

The students earn a weighted grade for this course.
 

For students interested in careers in engineering or science, the recommended course of study is AP Physics I in the junior year.

*AP PHYSICS II

43181      1 Yr.      11-12

Prerequisite: AP Physics I or a comparable introductory course. Students should have taken or be concurrently taking pre-calculus or an equivalent course
Special Requirements: None.
Description: AP Physics II is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as fluid statics and dynamics; thermodynamics with kinetic theory; PV diagrams and probability; electrostatics; electrical circuits with capacitors; magnetic fields; electromagnetism; physical and geometric optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills. 25% of the instructional time will be spent in hands-on laboratory work with an emphasis on inquiry-based investigations that provide students with opportunities to apply the science practices.

*ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

44115 1 Yr. 11-12

Prerequisite: Biology I and Chemistry I.
Special Requirements: None.
Description: Anatomy and Physiology is a survey course of study directed through the anatomical and physiological systems of humans. This laboratory course is designed for the student interested in health occupations and in how the body works. The student explores the structure and function of systems and how each contributes to the complete homeostasis of the body, including integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory, digestive, renal, respiratory, and reproductive. The student also participates in the examination of cells, histology, and basic chemistry as it applies to the study of physiology. Dissection is required for the anatomy portion of the course.

*AP BIOLOGY

44131      1 Yr.      11-12

Prerequisite: Completion of Biology and Chemistry with a “C” or better is recommended.
Special Requirements: As suggested summer reading, the teacher will provide a list of current scientific articles from scientific publications. Problem sets are also available in the Counseling Office.
Description: The Advanced Placement Biology course is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory biology course taken by biology majors. It is an intense course of study stressing strong study skills, critical thinking skills, and time management skills. Topics of study include molecules, cells, heredity, evolution, organisms, populations, and ecology. Laboratory work is strongly emphasized, including DNA biotechnology, biochemistry, and population dynamics. At the completion of this course, the student is strongly encouraged to take the AP exam. The student who demonstrates sufficient qualification on this exam may receive college level credit and advance to upper level course work in biology at the college level. The student is expected to complete some course assignments outside the school year (i.e., summer). The students earn a weighted grade for this course.

*BIOLOGY II

44111      1 Yr.      11-12

Prerequisite: Successful completion of one year Biology I and one year Chemistry I or Physics I with a grade of “C” or better.
Special Requirements: None.
Description: This laboratory course is designed as a combination of acceleration and enrichment emphasizing in-depth study of the fundamental principles, problems, and subfields of biology. The student who selects this course has already met life science standards. Topics covered vary but must include two different focuses that may include, but not be limited to, botany, environmental studies, genetics, microbiology, comparative anatomy, and cytology or other topics left to the teacher’s discretion. A research paper and/or a science project may be required. Literacy strategies (e.g., reading, writing, speaking) are integrated throughout the curriculum. At La Cueva High School, the course will focus on microbiology, genetics, cytology, and parasitology.

*AP CHEMISTRY

44132      1 Yr.      11-12

Prerequisite: Chemistry I and successful completion of Algebra II is recommended.
Special Requirements: None.
Description: This laboratory course is designed to be the equivalent of the general chemistry course usually taken during the first college year. The student attains a depth of understanding of fundamentals and a reasonable competence in dealing with chemical problems. The student acquires the abilities to think clearly and to express his/her ideas orally and in writing, with clarity and logic. The student examines the structure of matter, kinetic theory of gases, chemical equilibria, chemical kinetics, and the basic concepts of thermodynamics. Laboratory work is strongly emphasized. At the completion of this course, the student is strongly encouraged to take the AP exam. The student who demonstrates sufficient qualifications on this exam may receive college level credit and advance to upper level course work in chemistry at the college level. Students earn a weighted grade for this course.

*AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

44135      1 Yr.      10-12

Prerequisite: Completion of Biology I, and Chemistry I is recommended.
Special Requirements: As suggested summer reading, the teacher will provide a list of current scientific articles and books from scientific publications.
Description: This laboratory class is designed to provide the student with the scientific principles, concepts and methodologies required to understand, identify, and analyze environmental problems both natural and man made, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing them. The course is interdisciplinary, covering topics in the fields of geology, biology, chemistry, geography, and physics. The student examines the following themes: science is a process; energy conversions underlies all ecological processes; the Earth itself is one interconnected system; humans alter natural systems; environmental problems have cultural and social contexts; and human survival depends on developing practices that will achieve sustainable systems. The student is encouraged, but is not required, to take the AP exam at the end of the school year. The student may be expected to complete some course assignments outside the school year (i.e., summer). Field trips will take place on some Saturdays as well as in the regular school schedule. Students earn a weighted grade for this course.

Lab Courses: A minimum of 250 minutes per week of directed class activity for 36 weeks, 40% of which must be lab oriented, for a total of 150 clock hours (90 hours of class plus 60 hours of lab) shall be required for one (1) unit of credit, excluding passing period.

[APS Procedural Directives, Section I – Instruction, Basis for offering credit.]